WTAF is Phonics?

So perhaps you’re the Mum of a little one, and was expecting your child to learn about Clever Cat and Annie Apple like you did as a kid (any other 80’s kids out there?) when they started the alphabet at about age FIVE. Then you hear the word PHONICS. Nursery says “we’re starting Phonics” to your two year old and I can almost guarantee you’ll be thinking ‘WTAF is Phonics?’ But you won’t want to admit this to the enthusiastic nursery teacher, so instead you just smile, nod and then go home silently panicking.

But don’t panic. I can explain it in five minutes (way less actually, it’s really simple!) and I recently did a short series of videos on Instagram which I’ve put in my story highlights on my profile. So if you prefer to watch me chat about what I’m on about then pop over to ‘the gram’ and skip this!

Nursery doesnt start with ABC anymore, instead they teach the SOUNDS the letters makes. Which is all Phonics means (phon = sound) because this makes it easier for children to ‘blend’ the sounds/letters together to make a word and therefore read. So instead of saying ‘Suh’ or ‘ess’ for S, they learn ‘sssssss’ so when your child reads the word ‘sit’ they sound out ‘sssssss-i-t’ as opposed to ‘suh-i-t’ which would be ‘suhit’ – no such word (no shuit!). I used the example of MOP on my videos. Saying an ‘M’ is a ‘muh’ and ‘P’ is a ‘Per’ means when the children see the letters MOP they would say ‘muopa’ – again, no such word. So the sound for M is ‘mmmm’ and the sound for P is a very short soft P(uh) with the emphasis on the P.

So what to do as a parent? Well, keep it simple. Either use the correct name for the letters as in the alphabet song or the SOUND the letters makes as per phonics. Try not to use ‘muh’ for M, ‘puh’ for P, ‘suh’ for S – you get the idea….!

The first sounds Phonics introduces your children to is S A T P I N. So if you want to try these as home then it will match what your nursery and school does.


How I do it….

However I have always found children to be self absorbed little sods and so I have always started with the letters in their name when playing at home, rather than S A T P I N which they do at nursery.

And the reason I don’t only teach Ewan the sounds the letters make but the names of the letter is because if I taught him the E in his name is an ‘Eh’ then it’s rather confusing that it makes a “U” sound in his name. So instead I always say its an “Eeee” because it is – no adult spells their name over the phone as ‘Duh, ah, ii, ssssssss, yuh’ so I don’t see why children shouldn’t know the proper letter names and then be taught that they can make lots of sounds right from the get go (but this is my own personal feeling!) after all, they all sing the bloody Alphabet song.

Plus imagine you’re like a Kardashian who only named their children with CH names – Christopher, Charlotte, Chloe and Charlie – and then school tells them ‘Ch’ is CHuh as in Cheese, which is the first sound they teach. What the hell do Chloe, Charlotte and Christopher think?! It’s ‘see’ and ‘aitch’ and together they often make the sound ‘Chuh’ like cheese but can also make other sounds too.

So you’ll often hear me in my videos using the correct letter names and then saying the sound it is making. Another thing I’ve seen in practice is people saying the correct letter names for capital letters and then the most common sounds for the lower case, which really pisses me off because why make it even more confusing??!

Anyway I’ll stop jabbering on now. There are PLENTY of fab resources online and Jolly Phonics on You Tube are a good place to start if you want to get to know the initial ‘Sounds’ your child will be introduced to through Phonics in a fun way.

The first games I played to introduce Ewan to letters was The Target Practise https://fiveminutemum.wordpress.com/2018/04/16/the-target-practise/  and then The Letter Race Track https://fiveminutemum.wordpress.com/2018/05/06/the-letter-race-track/ because these are the games that appealed to what he enjoyed playing. I will be making up some new games for Florence because she prefers dolls, teddies and feeding everyone!


In the meantime if you’re playing ANY kind of letter or alphabet games with your children, HOWEVER you are doing it, you’re a bloody GREAT parent. End of.




5 thoughts on “WTAF is Phonics?

  1. My son’s name ends in ‘ry’, pronounced as ‘ree’. How should I sound out the ‘y’ as I would have thought it would usually be a ‘yuh’ sound – e.g. yoghurt? Thanks!


    1. You just tell him exactly as it is. I use letter names for this reason. His names ends in an ‘ar’ ‘why’ and sometimes the letter ‘why’ makes an ‘ee’ sound. does that make sense? x


  2. Hurray!! As a retired Primary teacher in Canada I applaud your explanation of sounds that letters make. I’ve explained that “p” does not make the sound “puh” to so many parents!! (The same for other letters and the sounds they make.) The correct pronunciation for sounds is so important for sounding out words.
    Thank you!!


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